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THE HEART OF THE MATTER

THE HEART OF THE MATTER
  • Oct 05
  • Cardiac Care

By Dr. Jyotirmaya Dash, Senior Consultant - Interventional Cardiologist The heart a very important structure to our body. It is a selfless organ, pumping about 4 - 5 litres of blood every millisecond, 24/7, 365 days a years with no respite serving all parts of the body. Heart attack is the primary cause of deaths. It is no longer a disease for the old and even younger individuals as young as 25 can be vulnerable.

Who can get a heart attack?

Although anyone can get a heart attack, genetics can influence an individual’s susceptibility to suffer from heart attack should any member from their immediate family have experienced a similar concern. It is imperative to be cautious if the family member suffered from a heart attack at a younger than normal age. For such individuals, it is prudent to take precautionary measures and inculcate a lifestyle that will maintain good heart health. These can include in aspects of their diet, being mindful of the nutritional intake, physical exercise and incorporating regular checks of their heart health.

For individuals with existing diabetic or blood pressure concerns, it is advisable for them to keep these diseases under control as well. Keeping a check on the ingredients used in foods is also recommended.

What are harmful activities to the heart?

Smoking and diet patterns contribute greatly to poor heart health. In today’s generation, personal or professional stress, high BP / cholesterol, diabetes and obesity contribute to an unhealthy heart.

Pre-symptoms to heart attack?

Some individuals exhibit no symptom prior to a heart attack. It can come without any warning. However, there are some who experience chest pain while walking / breathing difficulty which may go while resting, unusual sweating, uneasiness in the throat, burning sensation in the stomach, dizziness, nausea, fatigue and are recommended to take a moment to get the heart check. The symptoms are different depending on the arteries involved.

Self Check your heart

Annuals checks are the way to go here. If you have a family history of heart issues or above 30 years of age, it is recommended for anyone to undergo annual check up to access their heart strength. An ECG can give a quick preview into the heart. There are others tests like ECHO, Treadmill Test, and various blood tests including cholesterol that can help determine heart health. Keeping blood pressure and diabetic in checks will also help.

Latest Technology in Heart Treatment

Cardiology has evolved over the last few years due to extensive research. We no longer need to open up patient’s entire chest to understand what problems the heart is undergoing. High tech imaging and minimally invasive procedures allows us to visualise and quickly diagnose any blocked vessels easily to place stents. TAVI / TAVR has become a popular and safe procedure when it comes to non surgical treatment of aortic valve disease. It is done through the leg without opening the chest.

Tips for heart health:

  • inculcate a lifestyle that will maintain good heart health. Although a deep fried pakoda or cheese stuffed pizza can look delicious being mindful of the nutritional intake. You don’t need to restrict your non vegetarian dish as well
  • The best exercise for your heart, better than any gym, apart from aerobics is brisk walking, for 30 mins everyday. and incorporating regular heart checks can problem good heart health
  • Try to not stress out. Get a good night’s sleep as well
  • For individuals with existing diabetic or blood pressure concerns, it is advisable for them to keep these diseases under control as they can lead to heart attacks.
  • Choose water over alcohol

Not all chest pains are heart attacks and some heart attacks come silently.

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